Arthur Russell
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Charles Arthur Russell Jr. (May 21, 1951 – April 4, 1992) was an American cellist, composer, producer, singer, and musician from Iowa, whose work spanned a disparate range of styles. After studying contemporary experimental composition and Indian classical music, Russell relocated to New York City in the mid-1970s, where he became associated with Lower Manhattan's avant-garde community and eventually embraced the city's disco scene.

Russell produced a considerable collection of material throughout the 1970s and 1980s, including several underground dance hits under aliases such as Dinosaur L and Indian Ocean, but his perfectionism and difficulty completing projects resulted in a limited amount of releases. The orchestral recording Tower of Meaning (1983) and vocal LP World of Echo (1986) were the only studio albums he released under his name; he also released the disco LP 24→24 Music (1981) under his Dinosaur L alias. Over the course of his career, he collaborated with a wide variety of artists, including composers Steve Reich and Philip Glass, poet Allen Ginsberg, musicians such as Peter Gordon, David Van Tieghem, Peter Zummo and David Byrne, and DJs such as Walter Gibbons, Larry Levan, Nicky Siano, and Steve D'Aquisto. He was also briefly a part of the new wave band the Necessaries in the early 1980s.

Russell died from AIDS-related illnesses in 1992, still in relative obscurity and poverty. His profile rose in the 21st century owing to a series of musical releases (including collections of unreleased material) and biographical works. Several posthumous compilations of his music were released, including The World of Arthur Russell (2004) and Calling Out of Context (2004). The documentary Wild Combination: A Portrait of Arthur Russell was released in 2008.

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